Imagine you have a retirement account valued at $1 million, where you take a monthly distribution of $3,000. If the market (and your account) declined 30%, that monthly distribution will become a real strain on your account. What was originally a 3.5% rate of withdrawal would increase to a risky 5.1% rate of withdrawal.
Now imagine the same situation, but that you had a reverse mortgage. Instead of tapping your retirements account when it is down for the year, you took your monthly distribution out of the equity in your home, thus preserving the value in the 401(k). Because the income received through the reverse mortgage is tax free, you could take out less than you would have from your retirement account (subject to any required minimum distributions).
In some of the research we are monitoring from the Journal of Financial Planning, we are seeing these coordinated withdrawal strategies as a significant tool to improve the probability of maintaining one’s current lifestyle through retirement. Research is showing that it can extend retirement spending out another 10 years or even more.
(Some readers may think about using a reverse mortgage to take equity out of their home to invest it in the stock market. We strongly discourage that kind of thinking.)
Reverse Mortgages, like social security, annuities, life insurance, retirement accounts, and brokerage accounts, are all tools with good and bad features. The ideas and research being done by the academics around reverse mortgages used in coordination with other tools are very promising. In the next 5 years, I wouldn’t be surprised if the reverse mortgage concept became a common tool used in most retirement plans.